Anuradhapura - capital city 5th century B.C to 10th century A.D.
Ancient Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka has an enthralling documented history spanning some 3,000 years.
Sri Lanka’s earliest inhabitants were the Veddahs (forest dwellers) who arrived around 125,000 BC. The Sinhalese arrived in Sri Lanka late 6th century BC, from northern India. Buddhism was introduced about mid-3rd century BC, and a great civilization developed at Adnuradhapura and Polonnaruwa. Other notable but relatively more recent kingdoms are Dambadeniya, Yapahuwa, Gampola, Kandy and Jaffna. Sri Lanka was ruled by 181 Kings and Queens from the Anuradhapura to Kandy periods.
Sri Lanka had been an important port and trading post in the ancient world; much of the coastal areas of the country became occupied by the Portuguese (in the 16th century) and by the Dutch (in the 17th century). The island ceded to the British in 1796, and became a crown colony in 1802.
Aboriginal Veddah people
There are over 25 chronicled centuries of great civilisation
Sri Lanka Rising
Sri Lanka is a diverse country, home to many religions, ethnicities and languages. It is the land of the Sinhalese, Sri Lankan Tamils, Moors, Indian Tamils, Burghers, Malays, Kaffirs and the aboriginal Veddahs.
In May 2009, the Tamil Tigers’ separatist movement was decisively but controversially ended in a military victory, ending a brutal 26 year-long war that began in 1983. With the end of the war Sri Lanka is seeing a sudden burst in infrastructure development. Central to these developments are road connectivity, rural electrification program, rehabilitation of the railway network, port and airport development.
An important producer of tea, coffee, gemstones, coconuts, rubber and the native cinnamon, Sri Lanka is known as “The Pearl of the Indian Ocean” because of its natural beauty and is also known as “The Nation of Smiling People”. Rising tourist arrivals and eco-tourism are playing major role in its developing economy.
Sri Lankans are generous with their smiles